Tips to drying out your hardwood floors after water damage
Polished hardwood timber flooring provides a classic and sophisticated look to any home. A beautiful and elegant hardwood floor can easily become ruined in the event of water inundation.
It would be normal for many to consider their hardwood timber flooring damaged beyond repair and in need of replacement after such water damage, but the fact is by taking the necessary steps early on you can eliminate the need to replace them.
Taking to the task of cleaning up the water and drying out the floors can drastically help decrease the chance of cupping.
Cupping is formed when there is a moisture imbalance across the profile of the timber boards. Moisture in the air from humidity is absorbed into the timber and the floor boards will swell and contract as the moisture level changes.
When there is an excessive amount of water laying on top of the boards, there is a real chance the boards will swell to a point that they crush each other causing them to deform and cup at the edges.
So whether you have a major flood or just experience a localised water spill from say a failed washing machine or dishwater, the need for a quick response using our below tips is paramount.
If you think your floors can be dried out and refreshed rather than having to replace them, then there is special drying equipment that forces airflow around and through the surface of the floor to release moisture.
There are several steps that need to be followed in order to dry out re-use the original hardwood boards.
Types of hardwood timber flooring that can be dried and repaired
Most common hardwood floor boards can be dried, sanded and recoated.
These types of boards are solid natural timber that have a natural moisture content. These can vary between types of timber, however the fact remains they can accept some level of water before being permanently damaged.
The types of timber flooring that typically cannot be dried out and repaired are engineered and laminate boards.
Engineered floor boards have layers of plywood with a top layer of hardwood. The plywood will eventually swell and rot when exposed to large amounts of water.
Laminate flooring is simply a covering that will bubble and distort.
Ok so our recommended steps for drying out your hardwood floors:
1. Remove all items from the water effected rooms
Furniture and rugs will soak up water and retain the moisture until dry.
The moisture will seep into the boards, so you’ll need to remove all furniture items and rugs as soon as possible.
Getting access to all surface areas will allow a complete and thorough drying process.
2. Mop up excess water laying in low areas
Remove all excess water laying in low spots. Depending on the amount of stagnate water you can use a mop or a proper wet vacuum.
The next stage is to scrub down the entire floor surface to remove any contaminates. So be sure to remove as much as the flood water as possible.
3. Scrub down the entire floor surface
Cleaning the floor surface will remove any contaminates from the flood water that may cause damage at a later stage.
Contaminants can sit in the pours of the timber and be trapped causing mould to develop.
Wash down and scrub the floor surface with a mould removal based disinfectant solution to remove all contaminants.
After cleaning the entire hardwood floor surface, mop and/or wet vacuum the area making sure to remove all traces of moisture.
4. Completely dry out the timber flooring
As we’ve already covered, hardwood timber is specifically susceptible to mould growth when the moisture content is abnormal. It’s therefore important to ensure the hardwood floor boards and floor structure are completely dry.
The most efficient system at drying out the floors is one by using a commercial dehumidifier and blowers and large fans.
The dehumidifier sits in the centre of the room/s whilst the fans pointed at the floor boards directs airflow around which boosts the efficiency of the dehumidifier.
Leave this system setup for 24 – 48 hours.
To allow the dehumidifier to extract the moisture, make sure to open windows only in dry weather conditions.
5. Inspect for damage and mould
Only once the floors are completely dry can you check for damage and mould growth.
If the water was left lying on the floor boards for too long, they would have swell and cupped after a couple of days drying out.
Check all boards for cracks, swelling and cupping.
If there are signs of damage, then you’ll need to make a decision on whether you replace the individual boards or replace an entire section.
Check for and spots or signs of mould growth.
A close inspection hopefully will reveal no signs of mould, however if there is suspected mould growth now is the time to have it removed.
Clean the affected areas with a mould release agent and roll back over the steps for drying out the surface with the dehumidifier.
6. Check for signs of moisture
When all areas have been checked for damage and mould growth, and you’re happy with the results, now you can take a moisture level test in various different spots.
Make sure to check many areas to give an accurate reading of the moisture levels.
You should aim to have the moisture levels below the natural moisture content level of the timber.
7. Sand & re-coat the entire hardwood flooring surface
After completing the exhaustive steps for drying out the hardwood floors, you now can have them sanded, re coated and polished to bring them back to a beautiful and elegant finish.
Freedom Flooring are specialists in hardwood floor restoration. Our sanding and re-coating process can have your water damaged floors brought back to their original elegant look.
No job is too big or too small, so give us a call or contact us via the enquiry form.
Authentic European Oak Hardwood Flooring
Regarded as a hard wearing surface, solid European Oak timber flooring is terrific at dealing with the increased foot traffic and most importantly looks absolutely divine when sanded & polished with a high gloss clear coating. With it’s traditional appeal and charm, European oak is one of the top timber flooring options for designers and architects..
A style that brings the old back to the majestic.
European Oak flooring is provided as either solid oak floorboards or as an engineered oak floor covering. For commercial spaces, the benefit of going with engineered oak flooring is the increased stability that these boards bring. Due to their construction consisting of thin solid oak planks bonded to a base of ply board – gives the boards an increased stability over solid oak boards. The finished product makes the engineered oak floor covering a lot more matched in locations of adjustable humidity – best for heavy traffic areas!
European Oak floors exude high-end quality. If the budget can be stretched, laying an oak floor no matter what environment will only increase the overall value perception of your project. High-quality oak flooring is created to last a lifetime.
If you are looking for a floor that brings character, warmth, and depth to space, the never aging timber will delight the senses.
With a wide range of grain and grade, there is a style that will suit your taste and match the decor of your home. Prime grades offer homes with a high end polished appearance, whilst rustic grades display the timber’s natural knots and grains for a more edgy old school traditional look.
They say first impressions are very important and with many exceptional tones to pick from, it will give off a great appeal to any room.
Minimal Floor Maintenance
European oak flooring is well known for very little maintenance. The occasional cleaning and wiping are all that’s needed to keep your flooring looking beautiful. Of course if your European oak timber boards begin to show signs of decay after age, all you need to do is have the floor boards sanded and polished to bring them back to life again.
You could go at it DIY mode if you understand the steps to sand timber floors or our professionals can take care of the project from start to finish.
European Oak Cleanliness
For general everyday cleaning, dirt and marks can simply be swept or removed. For more major marks, these can frequently be sanded and re coated with your picked finish – leaving no residues of the original mark.
Oak flooring does not emit foul smells and odours like carpet, and spills are far simpler to mop up. European oak is also resistant to fungus and bugs, permitting for a more sanitary home environment and minimizing your maintenance and repair work expenses.
Will European Oak flooring work best for your next project?
When selecting the grade of oak timber, it’s a simple case of asking yourself two questions.
One is whether or not the location of your property is likely going to have fluctuations in temperature and/or prolonged wet weather.
Second of all, whether or not you intend on keeping a raw look and feel to the finished floor.
If you’re perhaps considering engineered oak flooring, what thickness of floorboard is best for your project? The thickness of floorboards you choose can rely on lots of aspects.
If you have got under-floor floor heating, then, normally speaking, you should not set up something thicker than 15mm thick floorboards.
Engineered wood flooring should be able to withstand up to 4 re-sand & polish cycles throughout its lifetime. If you do not have underfloor heating, then any thickness of oak crafted flooring will work for you.
Generally, the thicker the top layer, the additional re-sands you’ll have the ability to do, which obviously suggests it’ll last longer.
So with many different tones and grade, we think European Oak is a floor choice hard to pass up on.
Of course if you need help with making a choice, gives our friendly team at Freedom Flooring a call to discuss.
Leave a comment below and let us know what type of european oak speaks out to you! We love the fantastic aged gray oak flooring.
Going for that calm, timeless french country look!
Whilst the natural and elegant look of hardwood timber flooring can provide an unique and warm feel, there are at times Homeowners with aged hardwood floors experience the creaking and squeaking of the floor boards.
Typically these somewhat annoying sounds are the result of a combination of foundation settling and the drying out of the hardwood flooring.
So what causes squeaky floors anyhow?
Well hardwood has a tendency to shrink & expand depending on the moisture and its density.
When your floorboards have dried out they will shrink and start to rub against each other or even the fixtures i.e. nails or screws.
In some cases the subfloor could have become unstable and also begin to move under different loads.
So in this article, we’re going to look at some variou methods to eliminate those pesky timber floor squeaks.
Whether you have access from above or below, these methods will be suited to most hardwood flooring applications.
Options For Repairing A Squeaky Hardwood Floor
There are two different approaches to consider!
If the hardwood floor is on a timber joist & bearer foundation, over a basement or has any type of crawl space underneath, then it’s best to go below to make the repairs.
If not, then you’ll have no choice but to perform the repairs from above…Which we’ll get to further on.
How to fix squeaky hardwood floors from underneath the sub floor
If the hardwood floor is on a timber joist & bearer foundation, over a basement or has any type of crawl space underneath, then it’s best to go below to make the repairs.
Before searching for the target repair area, prepare yourself first by purchasing some wedges spacers from your local hardware supplies.
These type of wedges from Bunnings will do the trick.
So now you have the wedges, you’ll need someone to assist you.
Once you have made your way to the area of concern, have someone else walk over back & forth on the floor boards, so you can visualise the specific floor boards that are loose.
Hammer a wedge in between the loose floor board and the timber joist.
Other types of timber or plastic shims can be used if required.
To secure the wedge or packing, use builders glue and insert a timber screw through into the joist.
How to fix squeaky hardwood floors from above
When you don’t have access to the floor structure or joists from below, your only option is to perform the repairs from above. The trick here however, is to silence the squeaks without damaging your hardwood floor.
There are some other purpose made products available to secure loose floor boards.
A specific type that can work well in most situations is the counter snap screw. Made in the US, the screws are drilled into the problem boards with a special drill head.
When the head of the screw hits the top of the fixture, the top 1-inch portion of the screw snaps off at the score, leaving 2 inches of the threaded portion of the screw countersunk 1/8 inch below the floor’s surface.
The Counter-Snap screw Kit provides an effective, nearly undetectable way to stop squeaks in hardwood floors.
If your hardwood floor is covered over with carpeting, it may be necessary to peel back the carpet and work from the top and countersink screws and nails into the boards.
In situations where peeling back the carpet will result in leaving it damaged, then the counter snap screw kit has an additional tool that allows for screws to be drill straight through the carpet with catching on the fibres.
There will be a special three-legged depth-control fixture that you will need to position over a joist, then drive in one of the special counter snap screws.
The depth-control tool also doubles as the snap-off tool. Insert the screw head into the slot, then maneuver the depth control tool back and forth until the screw breaks off below the surface.
As the screw head breaks off below the surface, there will be no visible signs of repair on the carpet.
Whilst using one of these repair methods may eliminate your squeaky floor, there is the possibility that new squeaks will arise.
As hardwood floors age and the timber continues to dry out, some squeaks may return and new ones appear…
When presented with squeaky floor boards and your unsure how to repair them, contact Freedom Flooring for a consultation.
Finding a stylish yet functional timber floor that fits in with the aesthetics of your commercial property can be a challenge.
The benefits a hardwood flooring can bring to any commercial space, whether it be an office, restaurant, function centre or even a hotel will improve sustainability and remain in style for many years to come.
Many people tend to overlook timber flooring for commercial properties, due to its perceived initial expense outlay, however once the advantages are taken into consideration (which there are many), there is a positive response.
All property owners strive for that timeless appeal…
And we think polished timber flooring ages well when used in commercial properties.
In an office space, the timber flooring can elevate the look and feel creating a warm and inviting space to work in. It will remain durable and easy to clean. For high traffic floor plans, the timber floors will hold up well.
So what type of hardwood flooring is best for commercial spaces?
There’s no doubt solid oak flooring offers the best benefits overall, so let’s take a look at some of the best timber floor options.
A medium to large sized board, Brush Box is an attractive timber that is suited for a wide variety of commercial uses.
Brush Box timber flooring is very durable with a high density Janka rating, which provides excellent resistance to splintering and wear.
The colour tones of the wood grain can vary from a greyish pink to a reddish brown and the sapwood colour is often generally paler. The texture of Brush Box timber is quite fine & even with an interlocked grain.
The attractive appearance of Brush Box makes it ideal for use in achieving a high value look in restaurants, bars and other types of function venues.
With a variable grain, and moderately course texture, Spotted Gum is a popular choice amongst architects due to its unique waviness.
The colour tones vary from a heartwood pale to dark brown or chocolate and its high durability offers a great contrasting colour and practicality for high end restaurants, pubs and clubs.
Jarrah is commonly rated as a highly durable timber against decay and is resistant to insect attack.
Commercial flooring that integrates outdoor landings will benefit highly from the use of Jarrah.
The grain tends to be interlocked or somewhat wavy consisting of a medium to course texture. Sometime exhibiting a curly figure, Jarrah contains naturally occurring streaks throughout.
Colours ranging from light red or brown to a much richer red, though it tends to darken when consistently exposed to light.
Because of its great durability and common availability, Jarrah is a very useful timber for commercial projects with exterior integration.
So getting the perfect look for your commercial property means you need to pick the best timber for the purpose.
Taking into consideration of the three different types featured above, we now take a look at some of the practical considerations you should apply that will ultimately point you towards the right choice.
Factors in play when choosing the best timber flooring
Not all timber types are ideal for all locations.
You should consider being proactive and collaborative with an architect, designer or perhaps even manufactures to determine the absolute best type of hardwood timber to use for your commercial property.
As there are many factors that need to be consider when planning out your flooring type, here we list the most important ones:
- Traffic levels
High traffic levels require a high density timber that can withstand the constant and heavy traffic across the boards.
So commercial properties like schools, airports, shopping centres and others of high public congregation often feature a hardwood flooring type that can withstand the high wearing and heavy traffic for many years.
- Maintenance & Repair
The ease of maintaining the floor and performing repairs when it starts to wear should be of high importance.
If a commercial property has hallways, and/or spaces that only allow singular lines of traffic through, then considerations need to be made for the flexibility of maintenance and repair.
It is inevitable in these situations that over time hardwood boards will wear, split and require sanding or replacing.
Cost of labour can be expensive, so getting the right timber species for the space can yield dividends in return over the long term.
- Service Life
The life expectancy generally goes hand in hand with the first two factors, though some timber species have a longer service life under standard use than others.
Proper timber selection and maintenance will provide a long term service life. Other considerations can be the supplier and/or installer of the hardwood flooring as the quality of the boards and the installation methods will have an attribute as well.
So that’s a snapshot at how we recommend choosing a high quality timber floor for your commercial space.
The team at Freedom Flooring can assist you with product selection as well as any design and installation work.
Polished hardwood timber flooring is such a wonderful organic material. Few flooring options can give your home a warm and authentic feel whilst looking elegant and timeless.
It can be common for homeowners to segment the kitchen from hardwood flooring and substitute this space with tiles or laminate.
This article, we look at some stunning kitchens with hardwood flooring throughout.
There is some debate as to whether or not wood floors are suitable for kitchen flooring, with some saying timber floors are just too susceptible to water damage.
We think this to be a non issue, unless of course you’re pretty clumsy with water!!
We hope this article can persuade you into taking the plunge and going all out with laying wood flooring in your kitchen.
As natural as hardwood timber is…the floorboards do require care & maintenance.
So before we showcase some classic hardwood flooring kitchens, let’s first look at some tips for keeping your floor look fresh and amazing.
We assume you’re laying hardwood flooring throughout your entire property, so with that in mind you are best to consider the type of species that will suit the use within a kitchen.
The species with a higher Janka hardness scale will offer a higher degree of protection against dropping heavy objects…because yes everyone drops a plate or saucepan every once in awhile.
Species like Spotted Gum, Ironbark and Jarrah all have a high hardness scale and will be less prone to dents from dropped objects.
Of course if you’re going for a more barn style authentic look, then go with a lower scale option that will show signs of wear & tear over time adding to the unique look and feel.
Lighter colours and textures can also hide small dents and scuff marks associated with high traffic areas like kitchens.
If you’re concerned about how your timber floor might wear over time, then the Spotted Gum or Ironbark would be a good option as the lighter colour tones will blend in and can actually look better with age.
If you’re going for a worn look from the get go, then Jarrah with its hard grade plus rich colour tones will age beautifully keeping its natural and elegant character.
So now onto some stylish hardwood flooring kitchens.
1. There’s just something immediately mesmerising about herringbone floors, and when they are laid throughout a divine timber kitchen, the result is a classic design that is both looks modern and unique.
Toorak Residence is a clean, sleek house in Melbourne, Australia. The kitchen is comprised of a herringbone timber floor in a light tone that provides the contrast of colour from the clean sleek white cabinetry.
This kitchen certainly does feel charming and more inviting having taken advantage of the herringbone wood floor.
2. Dark cabinets work extremely well with timber flooring, as can be seen in this next kitchen design.
3. The hardwood floors give this kitchen a rugged quality that is quite the opposite of the modern appliances and accessories that make up the rest of the space. The contrast between ultra-modern cabinets and worn-in wood floors makes this one-of-a-kind kitchen unique and inviting.
The aged look and perhaps treatment makes the timber floor a viable option for many that may fear damaging the floor boards from dropped pots, pans etc.
4. This bright and airy kitchen is full of natural light and looks like a warm and cosy country style home. Paired with a white timber plank ceiling and cabinetry are the factors that make the space feel so open, however the Reddish-brown floors keep the room grounded and add warmth to the space.
Whilst the statement pieces for some may very well be the timber cabinetry, we think the wide plank timber floor boards create a large amount of character for this kitchen.
5. The design layout of this kitchen is open, airy and perfect for hanging out with guests who can relax at the counter or the stunning reclaimed wood table at the adjoining dining room. Timber flooring made from Oregon White Oak.
6. Gorgeous Manchester Barn Style Home kitchen design with unique diamond shaped stain pattern on the timber flooring. Traditional and very classic.
So thats our take on 6 high quality timber flooring options for kitchens. The versatility and durability of hardwood timber flooring make it a popular alternative to stone or tiles.
…A dark rich stain treatment or natural spotted gum timber could give your kitchen floor a distinctive warmth and old-world character that breaths life into your home.
Level off your sub-floor for perfect timber floor installation
In ideal environments, the sub-floor or foundation will be perfectly flat and level across both planes.
Typically most sub floors or concrete slabs have dips and hollows which need to be minimised as best as possible to achieve a high end finished floor product.
These can occur through many factors such as natural warping or installation errors.
Taking the time to get an even level sub floor or slab will make the timber floor board installation easier, and the finish will be pristine.
This also cuts down on the time required for the floor sanding process during floor board installation.
So this article we look at some options for getting that level sub floor.
These days homes are constructed using concrete slabs as the floor foundation. If your foundation has been properly set by timber flooring professionals, the finish concrete will be as close to level as possible.
There will inevitably be some areas requiring grinding and or filling to level off the surface.
Most cases grinding out the hills will be sufficient.
As concrete slabs are quite thick, taking down the hills with a concrete grinding machine won’t effect the overall strength and will provide a workable solution.
Where yellow tongue boards are installed, care must be taken to have the boards laid level and even, so as to minimise the requirement for grinding or sanding hills flat.
Although grinding down concrete floors sounds simple, this requires a great level of experience and skill.
There is specialised equipment used during the process.
A walk behind heavy duty grinder with diamond blades will give you the best results for large areas.
Self Levelling Liquid
Self levelling liquid can be used in areas of concrete slabs that have dropped over time and require building back up to achieve a height level with the rest of the room or area.
Whilst timber battens can be shimmed and levelled off to get an even height, there may be times where the concrete slab in older houses require additional repairs first with the use of a high quality self levelling compound.
Where self levelling compound is used on wood, make sure to prime the wood first.
The floor will be covered with a water saturated leveller, which will cause the wood structure to swell.
Once it dries, the wood will shrink back and could cause warping or twisting.
The primer prevents the wood structure from absorbing any water.
Timber Blocks & Plywood Shims
The typical method of achieving a level floor is by using timber blocks or plywood shims underneath the timber floor battens.
The most basic method of installation is to take plywood shims and slide them underneath the battens before fixing to the concrete slab.
To get away with using this method, the concrete slab will have to be very level and only require minor height adjustment.
For sub floors on timber joists, it is possible to achieve a level and even surface by jacking the floor joists and placing shims or timber blocks underneath.
Generally only required in older timber joist and bearer constructions where the floor structure has sunk over time.
Although it can be labour intensive, raising the height of the floor joists can give the best result for the overall space.
Where existing timber foundations have begun to sink over time, this may require an inspection by structural engineers to determine if there is further long term problems to consider.
So these are just some of the methods available for levelling off your sub floor structure prior to installing timber floor boards.
Spending the time in this early stage will yield the absolute best results for your finished polished timber flooring.
Now its over to you.
What methods do you think are best for your floor application?
Unique Timber Floor Shapes & Designs For Your Inspiration
Sometimes bringing life to your home can be as simple as being a little bold with your flooring choice.
We scoured the internet to find some interesting timber flooring shapes & design layouts to inspire you to be creative with your next flooring project
Wood Puzzle Flooring
An ideal option for homeowners who prefer to retain the traditional look of hardwood flooring but also would like to add an element of character and personality, this wood puzzle type floor is made by laser cutting a floor tone into a puzzle shape. The floor would be a great addition to a playroom for the kids, games rooms, home theatres and much more.
Creating this collection the designer has freely played with the lines and the shapes of the traditional parquet layout until the result was an elegant, somewhat minimalistic pattern with soft lines and playful spirit.
Rethinking traditional wood floors, where rounded, bevelled and curved boards along with a slight “bombé” effect of the surface create a new language. The smooth cut of the boards allow one to play with new designs and compositions, which although similar to the classic patterns of ancient wooden floors, give life to modern and original herringbone, diagonal or full length geometries.
Having a strong design in your home can be born with the use of a unique design layout. Creating a design that attracts attention and turns the whole look of your interior into something new and original can be hard to find. We think however this design will be best described as head turning. It is a beautiful rustic cordwood flooring, made by Sunny Pettis Lutz in her own home.
She managed to create the flooring herself and the outcome is simply gorgeous. The cordwood used for the flooring comes from dead trees. She used 2 different types of Juniper wood and created an amazing decoration piece in her home that will surely stand the test of time and will inspire others to follow in her footsteps.
Pallet Timber Floors
Ever thought about using pallet timber for your flooring choice. Well this example may persuade in this direction. The longevity of your floor really depends on how much foot traffic it will receive on a daily basis. However, this is nothing to be overly concerned about. Even with regular activity, provided you maintain your floors, you will only experience a very slight deterioration over time. Certainly giving large amounts of character to any space, with the choice of leaving it in its natural form or perhaps applying a stain & gloss finish.. However, wooden pallet flooring does have a unique advantage. If a section gets damaged, its super easy to replace that area with leftovers from when you built the floor! Even if you didn’t have any leftovers, you could easily find more and do a DIY replacement in a short time.
Timber Mixed With Tiles
We think this is very creative! The design takes the use of the elements to another level of greatness. Taking such advantage of high end to create this stunning entrance. I love everything about this project!
Mandi from ‘Vintage Revivals’ created this DIY geometric wood floor project for a trailer remodel, but there is no reason you can’t use it in your home. This project would be best for a small space, again more like a kids playroom or games room, as it is more intricate. The design would lift the feel of the room with its charm no doubt.
Timber Floor Sanding
So you’ve decided to install timber flooring in your new home or perhaps are bringing back to life your existing…which is fantastic.
Timber is a wonderful product and when laid as a timber floor it feels and looks great.
Polished timber floors has a natural richness and beauty which will ad value to your home or property.
Polished timber floors have many advantages:
• Easy to clean – Unlike carpet timber floors do not stain. Attract allergen’s or dust mites, or retain odours.
• Compared to concrete or tiles, they’re soft under foot
• Excellent value for money as they will often last the life of the building and can be maintained cost effectively with a resurface if necessary
• Eco friendly when recycled timber is used.
The complete project of laying, sanding & polishing floorboards can be tricky and costly if you make mistakes.
Freedom Flooring has years of experience sanding floors in Newcastle and we following a tight process to ensure we produce a high quality polished timber flooring.
Our techniques and processes are explained in this step by step series with attached video from Hire Tech Australia, leading sanding equipment supplier.
Knowing the size of the room or total floor area is important.
Simply split out the total flooring area into separate rooms, then multiply the width and the length. Add the together to get your total floor space in square metres.
For instance a room size of 4m wide x 3.6m long would equal 14.4m2.
This would require one 4 litre can.
We take safety seriously with every project. Taking short cuts can lead to accidents or errors.
• Always follow safety instructions carefully.
• Wear dust masks, safety glasses and ear plugs.
• Un plug sanding equipment when not in use and when changing out sanding belts.
• Keep machinery away from children and un trained personnel.
• When sanding, keep all power leads out of the path of sanding equipment.
• After sanding, store all saw dust away from the property as its extremely combustible.
• During the coating process, always ensure the rooms are well ventilated.
To have a professional looking timber floor, its vital the correct tools and machinery are used in the correct procedures.
Trying to sand and polish floor boards without the proper equipment can lead to poor finished or even destroying sections.
Equipment we will use on your flooring project are:
• Drum or belt sander
• Edging sander
• Orbital sander
• Hammer & punch set
• Putty knife and putty
• Pinch bars
• Sanding paper & belts
• Vacuum cleaner
• Dust masks, safety glasses & ear plugs
• Garbage bags
Preparation is key to achieving a high end finished product. Taking shortcuts here will result in a poor finish and most likely will require the entire process be redone.
• Remove all existing carpet or floor coverings.
• Carefully remove all edge staples and tacks, trying not to lever down too hard on the timber floor boards.
• Ensure the floor is free from wax, grease, silicons, oils and glues as these will clog up the sanding belts / paper and may cause imperfections in the coating.
• Punch all nails 3mm below the surface of the timber, but do not putty until later on.
Before you begin sanding, it worth taking the time now to make sure everything is in order, and you have the right equipment.
• Now is the time to replace any boards that are damaged, spongy or warped.
• Go back through the equipment list to ensure you have everything required to finish the task.
• If your doing this yourself (we highly recommend calling in the professionals,) make sure you are familiar with the belt sander and understand how to operate it.
• If required, cover all surfaces, furniture and other belongings.
• Begin sanding in a low visibility area.
• It’s not necessary to remove skirting boards. Just be very careful when sanding next to them.
• Stains may not be removed when sanding, and badly stained boards should be replaced.
• Some dark stains may leave a two toned effect on the finished boards.
• Do not leave out any of the sanding stages or sanding papers. Each stage and paper grit serves a progressive purpose If unsure we recommend using timber floor professionals.
The final appearance of your floor is greatly dependant on the evenness and smoothness once the sanding process is done.
So take great care with this.
• Never start or stop the machine whilst the sanding belt is in contact with the floor.
• Always tilt the machine back on its rollers when starting, turning off, turning around or stopping at the end of a run.
• Change sandpaper regularly. Clogged or worn sand belts can lead to burn marks on the timber.
Depending on your floor condition you may need to start with a 24 grit paper.
• Start sanding at 45* to the grain of the timber.
• Sand the room in both directions holding 45* to the grain.
• Once the room has been completely sanded in both directions, start sanding with the grain.
• Always sand the floor in longest possible lengths.
Once the entire room has been belt sanded with the grain, start to use the edging sander in a semi circular motion.
• Sand the boards with a 40 grit paper.
• Once edge sanding has been completed with 40 grit paper, change the belt sander over to 60 grit and further sand the entire room with the grain.
• Complete the edge sanding again, this time with 60 grit paper.
It’s a good time now to vacuum the floors thoroughly.
Minimising dust will ensure zero imperfections when coating.
• Change over the belt sander to 120 grit paper.
• Finish off with the orbital sander using 120 -150 grit paper.
This is a very crucial stage as all sanding marks are removed and the edge sanding is blended in.
Vacuum floor again thoroughly, and wipe down all places where dust can settle.
• Ensure floors are clean using a lint free cloth.
• Coatings are applied best when all surfaces are at the same optimal temperature.
• Always clean brushes and rollers to remove loose fibres which could end up in your finish.
• Don’t go over the same area too much as this could create air bubbles.
• Good ventilation and humidity are critical to the curing process of the coating.
• Coats applied to thick can cause curing problems.
The optimal temperature for application, drying and curing is in the range between 15*C – 30*C and 40%-75% humidity.
• Begin applying the coating on the edges and hard to reach areas with a small brush.
• Apply the first coat of the finish with a roller working away from one edge of the room.
• Apply the finish in the direction of the grain and working the entire length.
• Apply each coat ensuring they’re not too thin or too thick, as this gives the best results and allow the coat to dry and cure properly.
• Avoid going over the same area too much.
• Always work towards the room exit.
• When the floor coating is dry, lightly sand with the orbital sander between coats.
• Apply the second and third coat in the same manner as the first.
• For a Satin finish, apply the first two coats with a gloss and then only the third with a Satin.
After 24 hours after finish coating, the timber floors should be right for light foot traffic.No shoes…Socks only.
Wait until a week later before walking with street shoes and using cleaning products.
And that is our process.
You can watch the video Hire Tech Australia Have presented for a full run down of the Floor Sanding Process.
Freedom Flooring can provide you with expertise and information on your next timber flooring project.
Creative Flooring Designs for Character & Appeal
One of the many features of older homes is their beautiful timber floorboards that bring out character and style.
Trending now though is the use of timber flooring in new construction, and not so in the conventional way.
Parquetry timber flooring provides a unique and stylish option for those looking to be a little bold in their design choices.
It’s a great way to add personality to your home renovation or new home construction.
Of course you should consider factors such as cost, appearance and wear whilst ensuring your design fits in with the furnishings and your lifestyle.
For inspiration, we have compiled 7 beautiful parquetry-flooring designs for you to marvel.
7 Creative Parquetry Flooring Ideas
We absolutely love the dark rich tones contrasting against the light furnishings and paint colour scheme. The flooring gives a rustic feel in a stylish and elegant setting.
Whatever its setting, parquetry flooring just refuses to look dated or out of place.
Style & Elegance
This entrance would otherwise look plain & simple, however the use of herringbone parquetry flooring has lifted it’s appeal and style.
Although herringbone & chevron are the traditional types used, modern advancements in technology now allow for laser cut designs customized to your liking
A different take on the standard chevron style is this design incorporating a border or framed piece with contrasting tones.
It introduces a range of tones, adds depth and visual interest to this space.
Open Plan Living
The classic chevron design style. Sometimes defining a space in open plan living is difficult. Add interest and appeal without being to bold.
Combining contrasting finishing processes, Haze floors are subtle yet stunning, including metalised washes within the finish to achieve a floor of true class.
This collection incorporates a mixture of gold and silver metal which is inlaid into the wood grain. The effect is a more subtle, softer metal colour than pure silver or gold. The ratio of silver and gold used in this collection can be adjusted to achieve the exact metal tone desired.
Skinny but long spaces to work with are tricky to dress & impress. This hallway with only one colour scheme and minimal space for furnishings would look bland and perhaps uninviting.
The variation of chevron styled parquetry flooring with its old & rustic feel has personalised this space on so many levels.
There is a range of shades, depth and visual interest whilst bringing warmth & character.
Tired of the boring, old, single-toned option that carpet provides?
Spice up your family home with parquetry flooring.
The stylish pattern timbered choice of parquetry flooring has been used for centuries on some of the world’s oldest and most famous buildings. The timeless presentation of this patterned timber flooring ensures your home will never go out of style.
We can meet you at your home to discuss flooring options, so contact us or view other flooring projects on our freedom flooring website.
With many different colour options available, let’s look at the pros and cons of dark hardwood flooring Vs light hardwood floors.
Whilst there are many advantages for having a specific type of colour (which we will touch on further into this article), there really is no one specific colour that’s suits all.
It really does come down to your own personal choice or preference.
Most likely the choice of timber floor colour will depend upon your furniture choices; however it’s important to remember there will be people who have similar colour tastes as some that don’t.
To make life a little easier, we recommend asking yourself some of these following questions to factor what colour may be suitable for your property:
- What is your home and décor style?
- Are your room sizes large or small?
- How much light enters into the rooms?
- What are your wall colours or preferences?
- How often do you clean your floors?
- Do you have pets?
- What do you like and don’t like?
Other considerations to be made are new trends in timber floor board sizes.
The new trends are seeing wider, longer boards. Carlisle Wide Plank Floors makes mention that “The design trends today is to minimise the number of joins on the floor, which is only accomplished using wider, ,longer floor boards”.
When considering your colour choice, make sure to determine how it would look in the latest trends of wider, longer boards.
At this stage you may already have a particular type of colour in mind…light or dark.
There are many pros and cons to both, and it’s important to consider them all.
Advantage & Disadvantages with Light or Dark Coloured Hardwood Floors
Which shows up scratches more – Light or Dark?
Without proper care both light & dark flooring will scratch, however it is more common for dark hardwood flooring to show scratches more.
Where dark colours are present, they’re usually given that appearance through the use of timber stains.
When scratches occur, the underlying natural timber colour shows through and contrasts the darker top level stain.
When planning for a timber floor refurbish it’s important to make note of the high traffic areas and conclude how that may have an effect on wear & tear as well as unsightly scratches.
Pets in the house will almost certainly scratch a polished hardwood timber floor, so keep this in mind when deciding between light or dark colours.
What shades of colours are best suited to pets – particularly dogs?
As just previously mentioned, pets in the house will scratch hardwood flooring
…In particular large dogs.
Dogs typically like to claw into the ground surface for grip.
If you have family pets in the house, consider light coloured flooring, otherwise you may need to negotiate with your hardwood timber floor installer to apply additional layers of the clear polyurethane top coating.
Which costs more – dark or light hardwood floors?
The cost of the project will depend upon numerous circumstances; however there are two factors to consider when comparing prices against dark or light colours.
And they are:
Pre-finished or raw timber
Pre-finished hardwood floors (commonly called engineered flooring) will have similar costs between light or dark colours though they’re may be a slight difference between brands.
Raw timber hardwood species prices vary across the range.
In most cases natural light coloured timber species are less expensive than their darker counterparts. Typically the requirement of colour stain increases the value.
Other options include white-wash or grey stains. These will have a profound effect in the increase in price.
In 2017 dark floors are in trend.
They’re more stylish and can hide minor imperfections. White décor is very popular amongst interior designers, and the darker hardwood floors compliment them brilliantly to provide a fresh and open feel to any space.
Still having seconds thoughts on colour choice for your next flooring project?
Visit our official timber flooring website http://www.freedomflooring.com.au for more information.
Contact Us For A Free Quote
Tips to drying out your hardwood floors after water damage Polished hardwood timber flooring provides a classic and sophisticated look to any home. A beautiful and elegant hardwood floor can easily become ruined in the event of water inundation. It would be normal for...
Authentic European Oak Hardwood Flooring Regarded as a hard wearing surface, solid European Oak timber flooring is terrific at dealing with the increased foot traffic and most importantly looks absolutely divine when sanded & polished with a high gloss clear...
Whilst the natural and elegant look of hardwood timber flooring can provide an unique and warm feel, there are at times Homeowners with aged hardwood floors experience the creaking and squeaking of the floor boards. Typically these somewhat annoying sounds are the...
Finding a stylish yet functional timber floor that fits in with the aesthetics of your commercial property can be a challenge. The benefits a hardwood flooring can bring to any commercial space, whether it be an office, restaurant, function centre or even a hotel will...
Polished hardwood timber flooring is such a wonderful organic material. Few flooring options can give your home a warm and authentic feel whilst looking elegant and timeless. It can be common for homeowners to segment the kitchen from hardwood flooring and substitute...
Level off your sub-floor for perfect timber floor installation In ideal environments, the sub-floor or foundation will be perfectly flat and level across both planes. Typically most sub floors or concrete slabs have dips and hollows which need to be minimised as best...
Unique Timber Floor Shapes & Designs For Your Inspiration Sometimes bringing life to your home can be as simple as being a little bold with your flooring choice. We scoured the internet to find some interesting timber flooring shapes & design layouts to...
Timber Floor Sanding So you’ve decided to install timber flooring in your new home or perhaps are bringing back to life your existing…which is fantastic. Timber is a wonderful product and when laid as a timber floor it feels and looks great. Polished timber floors has...
Creative Flooring Designs for Character & Appeal One of the many features of older homes is their beautiful timber floorboards that bring out character and style. Trending now though is the use of timber flooring in new construction, and not so in the conventional...
With many different colour options available, let’s look at the pros and cons of dark hardwood flooring Vs light hardwood floors. Whilst there are many advantages for having a specific type of colour (which we will touch on further into this article), there really is...