How To Prep Concrete Slab For Hardwood Flooring
Changing the floor of your home seems like an exciting idea. Not only will it give the house a new look, but it can also complement the home’s overall interior. Hardwood flooring is a good option for a lot of homes. Hardwood timber flooring is guaranteed durable and is low maintenance. However, without any knowledge of its installation, it can easily be a nightmare for you.
Installing hardwood flooring on top of a concrete slab shouldn’t be a complicated process. It can be done by contractors, or even yourself, as long as you have the right tools and a bit of knowledge on its installation. Many Newcastle home owners have taken on the projects themselves, and whilst we always recommend using professional timber flooring installers to complete the project, we have put together some tips for DIY projects.
image via https://www.flickr.com/photos/dustyjackman/
Here are some of our tips for preparing concrete before laying your hardwood timber floor:
Prepping the floor
If you are using an old floor, and it has previous paint, you’ll have no other option but to remove it. By eliminating the paint, it ensures that the adhesive is going to stick to your concrete. For this particular part of the job, you will need the right tools that can take the paint out.
Pay close attention to the moisture of concrete
If you are dealing with hardwood floor, keep in mind that it can expand once moisture gets involved. This is the reason why you don’t want it constantly exposed to wetness. You have to keep in mind that new concrete is filled with moisture.
It takes around a month before moisture testing could even begin if it is new concrete. If you decided to work in your home, it is important that you don’t hurry the installation of hardwood floor on new concrete. You can hasten the process of decreasing the moisture in new concrete by proper ventilation and drying.
Preventive moisture control
One measure that you can do to prevent moisture from getting to your hardwood floor is by installing a polyethylene sheet over the concrete. This step prevents migration of moisture that comes from the concrete into your floor.
Consider the height
If you are going to compare installing solid timber flooring on concrete slab relative to a wood subfloor, the former is more complicated. It is imperative that you make use of underlayment which can increase the height of the floor by around 40mm. It is important that the additional height won’t be a problem on your cabinet and your doors.
If the 40mm extra height for your floor is a bit too much for the door and cabinets, consider scrapping the idea of using hardwood floor. Instead, stick with a laminated wood floor instead. This option will most likely just give your floor an additional 20mm. This option is also easier to install, not to mention, cheaper.
Our team at Freedom Flooring can help you manage the tasks in preparing for a hardwood flooring over concrete. Click here to view our full service details.
Floor Sanding Pre-Installed Engineered Timber Boards
We get enquires about floor sanding timber boards that are of the engineered type.
These are typically the type that can be purchased in packs and laid in position on existing flooring. Commonly called floating floorboards.
Most people are looking to have their engineered floors sanded and re-finished to save costs on installing new boards.
So what is Engineered Timber Flooring?
Engineered timber flooring is made from layers of plywood glued together to form the core of the product, and then a layer of hardwood veneer is affixed to the top surface. The multiple layers of plywood and top layer of hardwood give the overall product its full thickness.
The only thing that needs to be determined whether or not these types of floor boards can be sanded and re-finished is the thickness of the top layer of hardwood.
There are many different products in many various thicknesses.
The minimum thickness of the top hardwood layer we look for is 3mm.
Our floor sanding process typically removes 1mm of the top surface, and we allow for any areas that may show un-evenness.
One of our recent projects consisted of engineered wood floors and our customer had requested us to consider floor sanding & refinishing them.
On previous conversations with other timber floor installers, the homeowners were advised against sanding engineered flooring.
When we visited the property, we could determine the floor boards were in good condition and there was approx.. 4mm of hardwood as the top wear layer. This meant we could give the top surface a light sand & refinish.
This particular floor didn’t really have bad gauges in the floor, more small scratches and marks from general wear & tear in 2 or 3 high use areas of the two living rooms that we restored.
Where the trouble is with some Engineered timber floors is that the top hardwood wear layer may only be 1 or 2mm in thickness, either as original from the manufacturer, or from previous sanding & re-finishing, and the indents and gauges are literally scratched through to the plywood core of the flooring product.
Unfortunately in this case, this is when trying to sand & refinishing an Engineered wood floor can be problematic, because if you sand through the top hardwood layer to the plywood core then the floor would be ruined, leaving the floor in disrepair. At that stage the floorboard would need replacing, which may require the entire area to be replaced.
So can Engineered timber flooring be sanded?
Yes an Engineered Hardwood Timber Flooring can indeed be sanded and Re-Finished…
…But the contractor or homeowner doing the project must be completely sure that the top hardwood layer of the board is thick enough to be able to take a full sand and seal.
To be absolutely sure, ensure there is a minimum of 3mm.
If your thinking of having your engineered floor bards sanded & refinished or perhaps you have solid timber floor boards and you require them to be brought back to their original beauty, then make sure to contact our floor sanding Newcastle team for a full inspection and consultation on the best process for your project.
Choosing A Hardwood Timber Species For Your Next Flooring Project
High quality timber flooring options to suit every home owner and designers imagination.
Renowned for its high strength & versatility of application & functions, Australian Beech is a fascinating combination of highland timbers. Unique colours ranging from pale brown and golden hues to a beautiful light cream with slight pink tint throughout.
These unique colour variations make the Australian Beech a highly sought after timber product.
Dry Density: range 780-900 kg/m3
Janka Hardness: 7.5kN
The very common Blackbutt timber flooring showcases a grain that is usually straight encompassing an even texture of medium grade.
Colours are very attractive ranging from cream to pale brown.
Dry Density: 900 Kg/m3
Janka Dry Hardness: 9.1 kN
With a fine and even texture, the very sought after Brushbox species has unique properties and aesthetic qualities whilst being rich in colour. Variations range from pale pink / grey to rich red / brown.
Dry Density: 900 kg/m3
Janka Dry hardness: 9.5kN
Flooded (Rose) Gum
Ideal for luxurious residential applications featuring rich but gentle aesthetics. Flooded Gum is a highly sought after hardwood flooring species due to its unique & subtle colour tone ranging from pale pink to soft reds and red /brown
Dry Density: 750 kg/m3
Janka Dry Hardness: 7.5kN
Presenting a warm & luxurious feel when blended throughout large scale flooring, Forest Reds are harvested from coastal regions from medium to large hardwood plantations. Timber colour ranging from pale pink to deep rich reds provides a beautiful rich appearance in any flooring application.
Dry Density: 900 kg/m3
Janka Dry Hardness: 9.1kN
This striking timber flooring species produces a stunning array of timber hues from pale brown to dark chocolate brown and even to dark red.
Typically the grain is interlocked, and is presented with a moderately coarse texture.
Dry Density: 1090 kg/m3
Janka Dry Hardness: 14kN
A moderately coarse texture and interlocked grain gives the Red Ironbark a high quality luxurious feel. This extremely hard timber has colour variations from pale to rich reds and even browns.
Dry Density: 1090 kg/m3
Janka Dry Hardness: 13kN
This very popular hardwood timber flooring is one of the few commercial species from Western Australia. Jarrah is renowned for its beautiful rich red colour. Over time this will deepen into a soft burgundy.
Ideal for both residential & commercial application due to its density and exceptional hardness.
Dry Density: 820 kg/m3
Janka Dry Hardness: 8.5kN
A very popular hard wearing flooring option and highly sought after by high end architects. Karri presents itself as a rich red timber with overtones of pale pink to red / brown.
Dry Density: 900 kg/m3
Janka Dry Hardness: 9kN
This species of hardwood timber flooring is rich in detail with a even texture and stunning growth rings. A perfect flooring option to contrast against white furnishings, with its colours ranging from pale browns through to light yellows with perhaps some subtle hints of peach.
Dry Density: 780 kg/m3
Janka Dry Hardness: 7.1kN
New England Oak (Manna Gum)
Showcasing an even medium texture with a variable grain and prominent growth rings, the New England Oak tone varies from soft yellows and pinks to pinkish browns.
Dry Density: 750 kg/m3
Janka Dry Hardness: 6.0 kN
Another very popular hardwood species of timber flooring is the beautiful Red Mahogany. An extremely dense and rare colouring with stunning pale to deep dark red textures make this a highly sought after and prestigious timber species.
Dry Density: 950 kg/m3
Janka Dry Hardness: 12 kN
Perhaps one of Australia least popular hardwood from the Eucalyptus Grandis from Northern NSW. An alternative hardwood timber flooring product that has colour variations from pink to pale red / brown.
Janka Dry Hardness: 7.3 kN
One of Australia’s premium hardwoods, the Spotted gum has a striking appearance with a high degree of strength and natural durability. Although used in heavy engineering applications, the Spotted Gum is highly valued by architects and home designers for its wavy grain that produces an attractive fiddle back figure.
Dry Density: 950 kg/m3
Janka Dry Hardness: 11 kN
A striking light coloured blend ranging from pale yellow through to golden hues and light browns allows home designers to feature this stunning timber species in applications with light open spaces. The texture is moderately fine and even with a relatively straight grain.
Dry Density: 750 kg/m3
Janka Dry Hardness: 8 kN
Sydney Blue Gum
Used as a General construction timber throughout NSW, cladding fencing and even boat building, the Sydney Blue Gum is becoming widely used for luxurious timber flooring.
With a straight grain and moderately coarse texture this hardwood species is popular for decorative applications due to its distinctive colours which vary from soft pinks to dark pinks and red /browns.
Dry Density: 850 kg/m3
Janka Dry Hardness: 9 kN
The very prestigious timber that is highly sought after by high end designers and architects. Tallowwood is exceptionally durable with a unique colour and grain texture. Stunning growth rings are accentuated by the predominately yellow / brown textures with a tinge of olive green.
Dry Density: 990 kg/m3
Janka Dry Hardness: 8.6 kN
An often preferred hardwood timber product for a wide range of applications.
Tasmanian Oak produces an excellent finish when prepared by highly qualified timber installers. The hardwood boards are produced with an extremely straight
And even grain due to the process of quarter sawing the logs.
A combination of three Eucalypt species commonly found in Tasmania, together they form a blend of striking colours from pale cream to pink and reddish brown.
Dry Density: 620 – 780 kg/m3
Janka Dry Hardness: 5.5 kN
A highly durable hardwood timber flooring species varying in colours from pale to dark red / brown through to deep chocolate brown. A course straight grain but even texture makes the Turpentine an excellent timber for dance floors.
Dry Density: 930 kg/m3
Janka Dry Hardness: 12 kN
The information pertaining to this range of hardwood timber flooring products and images was obtained from the Boral website.
For more information on these Australian hardwood timber flooring types, please contact us.
Quality timber flooring solutions by Freedom Flooring
Polished timber flooring is a popular flooring option for Newcastle homeowners.
With many Newcastle suburbs occupied with homes built in the early 1900’s, these homes were commonly constructed with hardwood flooring, and then carpeted over.
Now-a days modern home renovations reveal these wonderful hardwood timber floorboards, finished to a mirror like finish.
A sense of luxury, warmth and a high end look to complement the style of the finished renovation.
Timber flooring is relatively easy to maintain and keep clean, however with age and usage they will need polishing, or in the case of a full home reno, they will need to be fully restored.
This is where timber floor sanding and polishing is recommended.
If your timber floors require this type of service, then we recommend calling in the experts.
As homeowners, it might be tempting to perform the project yourself.
Newcastle has many options available for the hire of floor sanding equipment such as belt sanders, commercial grade vacuum systems and dust suppression systems that may allow homeowners to reduce the initial expense.
Of course, floor sanding isn’t an easy task.
You may be able to learn online some tips and tricks, however mastering the art of floor sanding and polishing to get an even finish takes time.
We find the majority of DIY timber flooring projects don’t end well.
By using an expert floor sanding company, you can feel confident a professional finish will be achieved.
Freedom Flooring has a team of timber flooring specialists to help you sort through the many options available to you and can work on various types of projects including home renovations, commercial properties, community halls, restaurants, schools, conference centers etc.
Our industry knowledge and experience has us well prepared for all types of timber flooring.
As the timber floor sanding process involves many various stages, we will work with you to maintain the most efficient project timeline as possible.
After the project is completed, our job doesn’t stop there.
We will advise you on the best care & maintenance practices to keep your freshly polished timber floors in a pristine condition for many years to come.
Servicing the greater Newcastle region, we are capable of providing professional floor sanding services to any location within.
Once you have decided on the project outcomes, we will perform the project in a timely manner with the least amount of disturbance to your home or business.
Polished timber flooring can showcase the natural beauty of your home or property.
Call us today for a free quote, and we look forward to working with you on your next flooring project.
Contact Us For A Free Quote
How To Prep Concrete Slab For Hardwood Flooring Changing the floor of your home seems like an exciting idea. Not only will it give the house a new look, but it can also complement the home’s overall interior. Hardwood flooring is a good option for a lot of homes....
Floor Sanding Pre-Installed Engineered Timber Boards We get enquires about floor sanding timber boards that are of the engineered type. These are typically the type that can be purchased in packs and laid in position on existing flooring. Commonly called floating...
Choosing A Hardwood Timber Species For Your Next Flooring Project High quality timber flooring options to suit every home owner and designers imagination. Australian Beech Renowned for its high strength & versatility of application & functions,...
Quality timber flooring solutions by Freedom Flooring Polished timber flooring is a popular flooring option for Newcastle homeowners. With many Newcastle suburbs occupied with homes built in the early 1900’s, these homes were commonly constructed with hardwood...